Reform and Unrest
Early to Mid 1800s
Two sets of critics followed the French Revolution and Napoleon: the nationalists and the liberals. The nationalists wished to see the map of Europe drawn according to boundaries of nationalities or ethnic groups. Liberals sought moderate political reform and freer economic markets. The goals of the nationalists and liberals threatened the dominance of landed aristocracies and the rule of monarchs who governed by virtue of dynastic inheritance rather than nationality.
By 1830, Europe was headed toward an industrial society. Yet what characterized the second quarter of the century was not the triumph of industrialism by the final protests of those economic groups who opposed it. Intellectually, the period saw the formulation of the major creeds supporting and criticizing the newly emerging society.
What is nationalism? What were the goals of Nationalists? What were the difficulties they confronted in realizing those goals?
- Handout Unit Schedule
- Write down questions of the day—with space in their notebooks
- Primary Source Examples of Nationalism
- Nationalism and Music—full group
- Jigsaw Activity: Students will be divided into groups based on these documents…
- Theodor Herzl, On the Jewish State
- Ernst Moritz Arndt, The German Fatherland
- Sir Walter Scott, The Patriot
- Kagan, The Challenges of Nationalism and Liberalism
Questions to address when reporting back to your peers—use specific examples from your text.
· What country is the author from?
· What good comes from nationalism?
· What are the problems you see with nationalism?
- Answer today’s focusing questions as a class
Liberalism vs Conservatism
What are the tenets of liberalism? What are the tenets of Conservatism?
- Debate: What is better for the people—liberalism or conservatism?
- Randomly divide the class into two groups—do not let them choose their own groups—designate one liberalism and one conservatism
- Handout the handouts that go with each topic
- Have each group prepare for the debate—give them about 20 minutes—each group should prepare the following:
- Opening statement
- 3 arguments
- Prepare possible rebuttals to the other side
- As a class answer the questions of the day. Write each question on the board and have a class discussion on them. You record the answers on the board. Krista will email them to the class.
- Liberalism and Conservatism of today!
- Liberalism: A political theory founded on the natural goodness of humans and the autonomy of the individual and favoring civil and political liberties, government by law with the consent of the governed, and protection from arbitrary authority.
- Conservatism: A political philosophy or attitude emphasizing respect for traditional institutions, distrust of government activism, and opposition to sudden change in the established order
- Left Wing (those who support varying degrees of social or political or economic change designed to promote the public welfare) vsRight Wing (those who support political or social or economic conservatism; those who believe that things are better left unchanged)
- Democrats vs Republicans (brainstorm general beliefs of both)
Abolition of Slavery
What religious and intellectual developments led some Europeans and some Americans to question and criticize the institution of slavery?
- Slavery and the Transatlantic Economy Chart
- Fill in the chart
- Discuss with the class
What were the chief ideas of the early socialists?
- Vocabulary of Early Socialism
- Notes on Engels and Marx
- Read the Communist Manifesto
- Natural Progression of Governments throughout time
- Bovine Politics Handout
HW: Study for Test
1848: The Year of Revolutions
HW: Study for test
***Knowledge Journal Due
Terms and People to Know!
Reform and Unrest
Remember: Use detail and answer the following questions when applicable: (1) who was involved; (2) when did it occur; (3) what is the significance of this person, event, or place!
- Conservative Government
- Frederick William III
- Student Nationalism
- Lord Liverpool
- Louis XVIII
- The Charter
- Spanish Revolution of 1820
- Greek Revolution of 1821
- Serbian Independence
- Toussaint L’Ouverture
- Jean-Jacques Dessalines
- Simon Bolivar
- Decembrist Revolt of 1825
- Alexander I
- Nicholas I
- Charles X
- July Revolution
- Louis Philippe
- Belgium Independence
- Great Reform Bill
- Catholic Emancipation Act
- Catholic Association
- Proletarianization of Factory Workers and Urban Artisans
- William Lovett
- London Working Men’s Association
- Child Labor
- Sir Robert Peel
- Utopian Socialism
- Friedrich Engels
- Louis Napoleon
- Frenchwomen in 1848
- Vienna Uprising
- Magyar Revolt
- Revolution in Prussia
- Frankfurt Parliament